These are the most frequently asked interview questions and answers for the post of Web Designer or an expert designed by one of the best web designing institutes, Techstack Academy. You must have a solid knowledge of web page design and coding to succeed in an interview.
This article about the top web designing interview questions can serve as an excellent guide to master the essential concepts necessary to successfully pass the web design interview and begin the career path you want to take in Web designing, or HTML. These questions and answers are suitable for both experienced and freshers.
It’s great to learn tech skills before facing any interview to make your career. Now it’s time for you to apply and interview for tech jobs. We’ve got your back if you are unsure what to say to a real hiring manager. Web designing job interviews are not scary if you have already practiced the most common questions and some curveballs.
We searched the web and asked web designing experts to find comprehensive lists of questions that are most commonly asked in job interviews for web designers. Also, tips and tricks on how to prepare and answer them. It is important to get the web design certifications you need to stand out and be ready for the interview.
You will be guided by our trainers through hands-on experiences and given a variety of tasks to improve your skills. Techstack Academy is a reputable web designing institute in Delhi that offers deep knowledge in web design courses.
- 1 How do I prepare myself for an interview with a web designer?
- 2 Top Web Designing Interview Questions And Answers
- 3 Q1. What is Web Designing?
- 4 Q2. What are different types of website design?
- 5 Q3. Explain the process of website design.
- 6 7 steps to web design development
- 7 Q4. Which are the main languages used in website design?
- 8 Q5. What is HTML and why do we use it?
- 9 Q6. What do you understand about HTML5?
- 10 Q7. What is the difference between HTML element and tag?
- 11 Q8. What is the difference between HTML and XHTML?
- 12 Q9. How can we make frames and explain about frameset?
- 13 Q10. What are white spaces and how do they affect web content?
- 14 Q11. What are Gestalt principles?
- 15 Q12. Why do you want to be a web designer?
- 16 Q13. How do you set an image as a background of a web page?
- 17 Q14. What is the function of CSS in web design and how many CSS types are there?
- 18 Q15. What do you mean by semantic HTML?
- 19 Q16. What is a responsive website design?
- 20 Q17. How can you put comments in HTML?
- 21 Q18. What is the process of combining fonts and which types of fonts are working nicely together in web pages?
- 22 Q19. How do you handle a lot of pressure during work?
- 23 Q20. What are some examples of web design?
- 24 Q21. What is DOCTYPE?
- 25 Q22. What is the working of visibility:hidden and display:none?
- 26 Q23.We’d like to hear about a situation where a client didn’t appreciate your initial web design. What were your strategies for handling this issue?
- 27 Q24. Can we nest tables within tables?
- 28 Q25.What are the characteristics of a successful color scheme? Are you able to provide some examples of analogous, complimentary, as well as monochromatic colors?
- 29 Q26. Which sources do you read and follow regularly?
- 30 Q27. Name some JQuery functions used for web designing?
- 31 Q28. How can we link email, website and image?
- 32 Q29. What is the layout of HTML?
- 33 Q30. How to check errors?
- 34 Q31. What are the best times to use JPEG compression? And when would you rather have PNG instead?
- 35 Q32. What is a website grid system?
- 36 Use Grids in Web Design
- 37 Q33. Explain Lists in HTML.
- 38 Q34. Explain the difference between block level elements and inline elements.
- 39 Q35. How to allow file uploads to my own website?
- 40 Q36. Name some easy ways to optimize your website. What would be your first place to start?
- 41 Q37. How do you handle harsh criticisms from clients?
- 42 Q38. What are the benefits and drawbacks of using a CSS framework like Foundation or Bootstrap? How do you include frameworks into your workflow?
- 43 Q39. Are you familiar with UX design?
- 44 Q40. What are the differences in responsive web design between the Mobile First approach and the Desktop First approach to responsive web design? What are the strengths and challenges of each approach?
- 45 Some Additional tips for Web Designing Interviews
How do I prepare myself for an interview with a web designer?
Use these tips and some important guidelines to prepare yourself for an interview for Web designer positions:
Check your resume: and read it thoroughly. Although you are aware of the information you’ve included in your resume, you should consider revisiting it to familiarize yourself with your achievements of awards, projects, and prior work responsibilities. This will make you more confident to answer properly.
Try it out with a buddy: A friend who is a trusted source or former colleague could be useful to practice the interview with. They can give you feedback on your answers as well as how you conduct yourself in the mock interview so you can make improvements to be better prepared for the interview. After this you surely have good confidence about your answers.
Create your portfolio: If you don’t have a portfolio, think about making one to present to the manager who is hiring you. In the field of web designing it is very important to describe your previous works, projects, journey to display your abilities.
Learn about the latest industry information: Read articles and blogs and listen to podcasts related to the field of web design to ensure that you are up to date with the latest developments. When you are giving an interview you should know about the field’s latest trends and tasks.
Here is a list with the most commonly asked questions about Web designing. This informative article is written by Techstack.
Top Web Designing Interview Questions And Answers
Q1. What is Web Designing?
Q2. What are different types of website design?
- Ecommerce websites: Users can shop online for products and services through ecommerce websites. Examples of ecommerce sites are Amazon, Flipkart, Myntra, and others. These sites make it simple to add items to your cart and then checkout with your credit card, PayPal, or another ecommerce platform such as Shopify.
- Websites for personal use: Individuals who wish to establish an online identity, voice their opinions, and help others with their job search, can create personal websites. Personal websites tend to be simple with few images and lots of text. Personal websites can be shared with family members, friends, and colleagues by hand, so they don’t require any SEO or lead generation tools. However, if your website is to be used to promote your professional services, it’s a good idea to optimize the content to appear in search engines.
- Portfolio websites: Although it may look similar to a personal website, this type is focused on showcasing your professional work and aiming to win clients. Portfolio websites are a platform for artists, writers, videographers, designers, and other creative professionals. These websites are used to showcase specific skills and services offered by freelancers.
- Websites for small businesses: A small business website allows people to learn more about the company, its employees and products. A small business website’s goal is to give information that customers can contact directly. Examples include local accounting firms, service providers (plumbers, HVAC, etc. Restaurants, law offices and others.
- Blog websites: A blog contains relevant articles, videos and photos that are regularly updated to educate, inform, entertain and educate your audience. Blogs can be used to express an individual’s opinions or to provide valuable content for companies. These websites can be focused on the blog or integrated into larger websites.
Q3. Explain the process of website design.
Web design is the process of designing a website. It usually involves a focus on visual elements such as layout and user interface. The goal of web design is to create a website that is visually appealing and easy to use.
7 steps to web design development
When designing the website’s look and feel, there are many things to consider. The seven steps involved in web design development are broken down to make it easier for you not to get overwhelmed.
Step 1: Gathering information
Gathering all relevant information is the first step. To understand the business requirements, it is important to ask pertinent questions as a member of a design team. The website’s goals should be determined after you have carefully analyzed the requirements of your client. Information sharing, money-making or both are the most common goals. A website can help you achieve your business goals.
Step 2: Wireframing, planning and strategy
It is now time to compile the information from phase one and create a detailed website plan. A site map is created at this stage. Site map is a list of all the main topics on the website. It may also include sub-topics if necessary. This map will provide information about the content and help you understand the site’s navigational structure. Future customers are the end-users of this website. Their journey must be as easy as possible. An excellent user interface is the foundation of a simple-to-navigate website.
Step 3: Graphical design
It is important to use visual elements such as logos and brand colors in a professional and tasteful manner during the design phase. This will help strengthen the brand’s identity on the website. The team often creates prototypes of the website during the design phase. A prototype is a static image that represents the final design of the website. It is a good idea to create clickable prototypes so that clients can experience the website before it goes live.
Step 4: Development/build
This phase should include elements like interactive contact forms or e-commerce shopping cartes. These elements should be made functional.
Step 5: Test
Once the visuals and content are ready, it is time to start the testing process. To ensure that links work correctly and websites display correctly in different browsers, each page must be tested. The webpage’s performance in search engines can be affected by the order of the words in the titles and descriptions. You can later use A/B test techniques to determine the best combination of keywords and pages, once you have traffic to your site.
Step 6: Delivery and launch
After you have received approval from the client, the website can go live. Before the website goes live, it should be re-examined to ensure that all files are uploaded correctly and that the site functions properly. You should also register your website domain and set up web hosting accounts.
Step 7: Maintenance
Regular maintenance is often required after a website has been launched. To improve the usability and discoverability, you can run user testing on different content and features. All of this can lead to new design or development tasks.
Q4. Which are the main languages used in website design?
The important languages which are required to build the structure and functionality of the website are:
- HTML: HTML is used to create web pages as HTML is the standard Markup language to design documents to be displayed on web browsers.
- CSS: CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet and it is mainly used to style the layout of web pages. You can alter the font, color, spacing, sizes of the content on your webpage.
- PHP: PHP language is mainly a server side scripting language and used by embedded in HTML. It helps make the website content, dynamic content and you can build a complete e-commerce website with PHP. It is integrated with different popular databases like MYSQL, Oracle, Sybase and others.
Q5. What is HTML and why do we use it?
HTML is the markup language used to encode web pages. It’s a system that displays material from the Internet using full hypertext markup. It was created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist. HTML markup tags define elements of a document such as headings and paragraphs. These tags markup a document to be displayed by a computer software, also known as a web browser. The browser interprets these tags and displays the headings, paragraphs and tables according to its screen size and fonts.
Anchors are tags that provide links to other Web pages. The quoted string is the URL to which the link points (the Web address) and the following text is what you see in a Web browser. Underlined indicates that it is a hyperlink to another page. Multiple URLs can be used to create a single page. Some URLs may contain text, others graphics.
HTML code is responsible for formatting text and images in your Internet browser. A browser wouldn’t know how to display text in elements, load images, or any other elements without HTML. HTML provides the basic structure of a page. Cascading Style sheets are used to modify its appearance.
Q6. What do you understand about HTML5?
HTML5 or Hypertext Markup Language 5 is the fifth version of HTML language. It allows people to create websites from scratch without the need for any plugins or software. It is used to create animations and other complex applications that can run in the browser for audio, video, and online streaming.
HTML5 Main Features:
These are some of the new features in HTML5:
- New Semantic Elements,,
- Persistent local storage
- Forms 2.0
- WebSocket is a bidirectional communication technology
- Server-Sent Events are events that flow from web servers to web browsers
- You can embed audio and video without the use of third-party plugins
- Drag and Drop feature
Q7. What is the difference between HTML element and tag?
A lot of people use the terms element and tag in the same way and any web developer or designer you interact with would know what you mean, but it’s true that there’s a tiny difference between these two terms.
HTML Tags: HTML is a markup language that means it is written in code that is readable by anyone without having to be constructed first. That is, the text displayed on a website page can be marked up by these codes in order to provide the browser with instructions on which text to render.
The majority of HTML tags consist of various specific elements. They define the name of the tag within angle brackets as well as the content that the tag influences and the attributes that impact the tag as the form of a name/value pair.
Example: <a href=”https://google.com/ rel=”nofollow”>Google</a>
This example shows what is known as an anchor tag that defines the hyperlink. The tag is open and closes. This is because the attribute rel attribute is used to determine the value of nofollow.
In HTML the main distinction between an opening and closing tag lies in the presence of a Slash. For example, it’s always an anchor tag that opens, it is also an anchor tag that closes.
When taken together The closing and opening tags as well as all the other elements that appear between them from the HTML page element.
HTML Element: As per the W3C, HTML specification, an element is the fundamental element that makes up HTML and is usually composed of two tags one of which is the opening and closing. Most HTML elements include an opening tag as well as closing tag. These tags are placed around the text that appears on the page.
Certain HTML elements don’t have an ending tag. They’re known as empty elements. Sometimes, they’re called singletons and empty elements. They are simple to utilize since you only need to add only one tag on your website page in order for your web browser to be able to figure out what you want. For instance, if you want to add one line break on your webpage, you can make use of the tag.
Example: <img src’”image.jpg”/>
Q8. What is the difference between HTML and XHTML?
- HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language
- This is an SGML application.
- Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the idea in 1987.
- HTML is not case-sensitive.
- HTML utilizes the same format to document formats
- HTML can be used with single tags, which are not closed tags for example: <hr>, <br>
- HTML is not as expressive.
- HTML isn’t required for any element with a single root
- Any content may be included within the body element.
- Attribute values aren’t significant in HTML
- There is no definitive guideline for the design of the elements
- HTML requires a flexible parser that is specifically designed for HTML.
- XHTML stands for Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
- The application is an XML application.
- The World Wide Web Consortium recommended it in the year 2000.
- XHTML has a case-sensitive
- XHTML utilizes markup language
- Tags that are not closed have to be closed using XHTML
- XHTML has more focus contrast to HTML
- XHTML documents must have at least one element that is a root
- All content must be placed into blocks.
- Attribute value is important in XHTML
- The design of the elements must be observed
- XHTML requires parsing with the standard XML parser
Q9. How can we make frames and explain about frameset?
Frames permit an author to divide an open browser window into different rectangular areas. Many documents are displayed within one window, each in their individual frame. Graphical browsers permit frames to scroll independently of one another, and hyperlinks can be updated to the content shown in one frame without impacting other frames.
You cannot simply add frames to an existing document. Instead, you need to make a frameset that specifies a specific combination of frames. Then, you show your documents within the frames. The frameset document must also contain other non-framed content within an element called NOFRAMES. The HTML 4 frames model is a hazard with serious design flaws that create usability issues for internet users. Frames should be used with extreme attention to detail.
Q10. What are white spaces and how do they affect web content?
The term white space in graphics refers to the area that has been left unintentionally completely blank. It doesn’t necessarily have to be completely white. In web design, as well as other forms of media, white space could be used effectively to visually distinguish or group elements, and to focus attention on a particular aspect, or to enhance the grid or layout of the content. Sometimes white space can also be employed for aesthetic reasons to create interesting visual compositions.
Q11. What are Gestalt principles?
Gestalt principles are a part of the theories of perception through visuals. They focus on the brain’s ability to see and understand things that aren’t visually visible. This is done by subconsciously mixing forms, identifying connections, and creating compositions from physically separated elements. A few of the principals that are commonly employed in design include:
- Similarity: Human brain sees things with similar features whether in terms of different colors, shapes, sizes and combination of these three in any form as being related, meaningfully connected, or even grouped. This is particularly helpful for navigation system design and toolbars for application tools;
- Proximity: Similar to the similarity principle elements that are located close to each other can be considered to be related, grouped or even parts of a bigger picture. This is a fundamental foundational principle in layout. It’s particularly crucial when designing pages that contain large quantities of diverse content as the homepage page of a news site.
- Closure: When confronted with an object that is familiar to the eye that isn’t fully visualized or you can say all parts that are not visible, the brain automatically completes the image and fills in gaps and then perceives the image as if it were completely displayed. This is a common principle employed when designing logos. The closure principle can make an element more appealing to take a look at (as the brain of the viewer works to finish the design) that makes an element more memorable.
- Figure-ground relationship: It is the ability to conceptually distinguish “objects” in relation to “backgrounds” in the context of a combination of color, shape and previous experiences. When used correctly for graphic designing, the concept draws the attention of the viewer to essential aspects of the composition.
- Common fate: The elements that move together synchronously are usually considered as components of one object. Common fate is a useful concept in interaction design.
- Continuity: It is the brain’s ability to discern connections and to take one route or the other based on similarity and follow lines beyond their ends. This concept can be utilized for logos to draw curiosity. It can also be utilized in the creation of designs or compositions that make them appear as an uncluttered object instead of a collection of unorganized elements.
Q12. Why do you want to be a web designer?
As the Web designer allows you to not just work on websites all day long, but also shape how people use the Web. In addition, today the first impression that a consumer gets of a business is usually via its website, not printed materials like marketing materials or business cards. By choosing this career I have the chance to make new things on a daily basis and it matches my creativity too.
Q13. How do you set an image as a background of a web page?
To make an image background for a website page, you need to point your body background towards the name of the image that you wish to use as background.
After <head> tag
It is also possible to fix the background image so that when you use the scroll bar within your browser it will not move. To fix this, you must add the BGPROPERTIES tag like.
<body background=”image.gif” bgproperties=”fixed”>
Q14. What is the function of CSS in web design and how many CSS types are there?
CSS is the term used to describe the design of Web pages, which includes layout, colors and the fonts. CSS allows users to adjust the layout to various types of devices like large screens, smaller screens or printers. CSS is not dependent on HTML and is compatible with any markup language based on XML. Sometimes, the CSS code is directly written into HTML. This is known as an internal style sheet. It will be recorded within the <head> and </head> tags using <style> tag.
A CSS rule is an organization with one or more CSS properties used to modify one or more HTML components. A CSS rule consists of an CSS selector as well as a collection of CSS properties. The CSS selector is used to determine which HTML elements are targeted by CSS rules. CSS rules or types are.
There are three kinds of CSS that are described below:
- Inline CSS
- CSS that is embedded or internal
- External CSS
Inline CSS: The inline element contains the CSS property within the body section that is linked to the element, which is referred to by the name of inline CSS. This style can be defined in an HTML tag with the use of the styling attribute.
<title> Inline CSS Example </title>
<p style=”color:#000000; font-size: 20px; font-style:bold; text-align:right;”> Techstack Academy
Internal or embedded CSS: The Internal or Embedded CSS can be used in situations where only a single HTML document has to be uniquely styled. The CSS rules set must be contained within the HTML file, in the heading area i.e that the CSS is embedded in the HTML file.
<title> Internal CSS Example </title>
Techstack Academy is the best web designing institute in Delhi.
Techstack Academy is the best web designing institute in Delhi.
External CSS: External style sheets are an external style sheet that contains the styles information for HTML or web page files. It’s a separate file that has the .css extension filename which is connected directly to the HTML webpage. It is possible to declare all styles that must be applied to a web page using an outside style sheet.
Here are some benefits from using style sheets externally for web design:
- CSS style is separate from HTML. CSS styling is distinct from the HTML document.
- We can make use of one CSS file to create different HTML pages.
- The modifications introduced to the base CSS file are applied to all linked HTML files in a way that is automatic.
- External style sheets provide uniformity to each page they are attached to.
Examples: The file given below is a file that contains CSS property. This file is saved using the .css extension. For Ex: style.css
Here the link tag is used to link the external style sheet with the main html webpage. Href attribute is mainly used to specify the location of your external style file.
<title> External CSS Example </title>
<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”style.css”/>
Techstack Academy is the best web designing institute in Delhi.
Techstack Academy is the best web designing institute in Delhi.
Q15. What do you mean by semantic HTML?
The term “semantic” in HTML refers to HTML tags that convey their significance to both the developer as well as the browser. They add significance to an HTML page, not simply a presentation. Semantic HTML is a coding style where tags define the meaning of text to be conveyed. Semantic HTML components clearly describe their contents and can be understood by humans and by computers. They are semantic since they define the function of the element as well as the kind of content they contain. Some of the most current semantic elements introduced in HTML5 include:
Q16. What is a responsive website design?
Responsive Web Design (RWD) refers to an approach to web development that dynamically alters the look of websites depending on the size of the screen and the direction of the gadget utilized to see it. Responsive web Design is the process of making use of HTML along with CSS in order to adjust the size, hide, shrink or increase the size of a site so that it appears appealing on all devices (desktops, tablets and smartphones).
These are a few of the most helpful responsive web design techniques
- Eliminate friction.
- A design to help thumbs.
- Leverage mobile devices’ Native Hardware.
- Create layouts that are flexible and adaptive by default.
- Think about the orientation of the landscape.
- Make sure that the typography is responsive.
- Conditional load leverage.
The most responsive websites employ fluid grids as well as flexible images and CSS design to modify the design of the website and render it to the dimensions of the user’s browser. The ultimate goal for designers should be to seamlessly adapt your UI as well as UX of a site’s layout across different platforms and devices.
Q17. How can you put comments in HTML?
Technically speaking, as HTML can be described as an SGML application, HTML uses SGML comment syntax. However, the syntax is a bit complicated and browsers do not support it completely in any way. Therefore, follow this simplified rules to make HTML comments that are both valid syntax and function in browsers:
An HTML comment starts with “<!–” It isn’t containing “–>” the word –” or “>” anywhere in the comments.
Here are some an example of HTML comments:
- <!– This is an example of a comment. –>
- <!– This is another example of comment,
And it continues onto the second line. – >
Do not include comments within tags (i.e. between “>” or “<“) within HTML markup.
Q18. What is the process of combining fonts and which types of fonts are working nicely together in web pages?
Certain fonts are compatible and look nice when placed on the same page. For a proper combination of two fonts you must look for similarities and differences in terms of serifs, historical backgrounds and x-height, thickness aperture and Stroke contrast.
A good rule of general application, two fonts will be most effective when they’re similar, if only for one thing analogous fonts) or if they’re distinct, but have one thing that can make them compatible. It is beneficial for both fonts to have the same heights of x (the height of the lowercase “x” in comparison to the larger “X” with the identical font size) with a common.
Combining fonts that appear similar is not recommended (like the combination of Helvetica and Lucida Grande and Ariel with Verdana).
A few guidelines to make excellent combinations:
- Combine a serif and an uni-serif font, both of which have a very similar stroke contrast, x-height as well as aperture (how they are open or closed characters appear);
- Make use of different thicknesses of the same font. A lighter or thin version of a typeface differs from black/bold versions, and both fonts work wonderfully in conjunction;
- Some fonts are created as family members and can work together. Examples include Adobe’s Myriad and Minion pair, or Museo together with Museo Sans as well as Adelle together with Adelle Sans.
- When choosing fonts, you must think about the context that each font is going to be used in. The display font or headings may be more extravagant, beautiful and intricate and the primary version should have a simple font that can be read at smaller sizes.
- In the majority of cases typically, two or three font families should suffice, with the possibility of using a third in a limited amount for specific uses.
Q19. How do you handle a lot of pressure during work?
This is among the most popular web design interview questions.
We live in a world of high-pressure, where issues pop up every day such as the client doesn’t like the work you’ve done, a tight deadline, or the developer is not able to implement your concept and so on. Thus, the ability to deal with such circumstances is essential for any web designer.
Inform the interviewer about the strategies you are using to cope under stress. Apply real-life examples to prove their effectiveness.
Q20. What are some examples of web design?
- Flashing, blinking, spinning or blinking images
- Black background, with white light or light text
- Black background with text that is dark
- Background images that are busy and tiled with text in any color
- Everything is in the Center
- Many images or huge images
- Links to other sites
- Too many headlines, or blinking text
Q21. What is DOCTYPE?
The HTML declaration of the document type also referred to as DOCTYPE is the initial line of code needed to be included in each HTML as well as XHTML documents. The DOCTYPE declaration serves as an information to the browser regarding the kind of HTML the page is written in. This will ensure that the page will be processed in the same manner by various web browsers.
Doctypes are used for two reasons, by different types of programs: Web browsers use it to determine the rendering mode they should choose. Markup validation software looks at the doctype to determine what rules they need to examine the document for.
If you’re planning to write an HTML5 document that is w3c-standard-conformant, DOCTYPE! HTML is the only requirement. In reality, however, you do not always require the doctype as any standard web browser can render your document in any way.
The property visibility: hidden hides the element but it occupies space on the layout. The element is hidden from view, but it will not affect the flow of the page. However display: none completely removes this element completely from your document, and doesn’t fill up any space. In this case, the tag is taken out of the normal structure of the document. This allows other elements to be added to it.
Q23.We’d like to hear about a situation where a client didn’t appreciate your initial web design. What were your strategies for handling this issue?
As a web designer you might receive positive feedback from customers and you’ll need to modify your designs based on the latest specifications. Employers might ask this question as they would like to know how you handle issues, react to feedback and establish a relationship with your customers.
Example Answer: “This happened to me while working with a client in the finance sector. They believed that my website was a bit too sophisticated for their existing customers and might cause some loyal customers away from the brand. Since the bank in question tried to appeal to younger generations of customers, I offered reasons why my website design could be successful, but ultimately reached a compromise. The final site was easy to navigate, however it featured flashy elements that could be appealing to younger customers.”
Q24. Can we nest tables within tables?
Yes, tables can be embedded in cells in a table. Here’s an example of this:
<td>This is the 1st cell of outer table</td>
<td>This is the 2nd cell of the outer table
With the inner table embedded in it.
<td>This is the 1st cell of inner table</td>
<td>This is the 2nd cell of the inner table</td>
The primary issue with nested tables is that earlier versions of Netscape Navigator have problems with the tables if you do not explicitly shut down your TR, the TD as well as TH element. To prevent problems, make sure to include every </tr>, </td>, and </th> tags, even though HTML specifications do not require it. Also, older versions of Netscape Navigator have problems with tables that are nestled extremely deep like 10 nested deep. To avoid issues, avoid nesting tables greater than a few feet deep. You might be able to make use of tables with the ROWSPAN as well as COLSPAN attributes to reduce table nesting. Be certain to verify your markup every time you work with nesting tables.
Q25.What are the characteristics of a successful color scheme? Are you able to provide some examples of analogous, complimentary, as well as monochromatic colors?
Certain colors look more appealing visually than others. There’s the reason why the human brain searches for harmony, order and patterns and colors that conform to such patterns look like they are more “pleasing”. There are a variety of ways to blend colors successfully.
Here are some examples:
- Monochromatic: utilizing a few different shades that have the same tint for example, combining light green with dark, deep green, and using bright green to add accents. It’s great for foreground color as well as background color combinations.
- Analogous: uses colors that are close to one another on the wheel of color for example, yellow and orange or blue and green as well as red and violet. It is usually used for elements that are placed near to one another; however, it is not as effective as combinations for the foreground and background.
- Complementary: colors that are on opposite sides of the color wheel , such as purple and orange blue and yellow or red and green. These colors typically have great contrast, and if they differ in brightness or brightness, they are able to be combined to create background and foreground colors. Designers should be aware that certain combinations of complementary colors aren’t appealing (red on green, and vice versa is difficult to see and are seldom used when combined) While others offer stunning contrast.
Q26. Which sources do you read and follow regularly?
As a web developer who strives to be the best you are expected to keep up-to-date with things. So, impress your interviewer with sites that you frequent. Don’t be afraid to mention the real names.
Everybody knows the fact that Smashing Magazine is one of the top magazines online for web developers, while Ramotion website design company is an excellent source of high-quality, free resources. Be sure to mention where you find your daily dose of web design inspiration.
It is essential to give the impression that you’re following the latest trends, employing products that are in line with current standards and get the most benefit of the latest techniques.
There’s enough web design questions and answers about your personal style and work experience. It’s time to get to the right questions and answers that show your real web design skills.
Q27. Name some JQuery functions used for web designing?
A few of the JQuery functions that are used for web design include
- Simple slide panel
- Simple disappearing effect
- Chainable transition effect
- Accordion#1 and Accordion#2
- Animation of hover effect
- Entire block clickable
- Collapsible panels
- Image replacement gallery
- Styling different link types
Linking an image: The img tag can be used to include the image or hyperlink. It is self-closing, which means it doesn’t need an ending tag. It requires a list of attributes like src and alt.
Syntax: <img src=”image_source” alt=”any alternative text”/>
Linking websites:The anchor tag is used to connect to a website. We need to provide the URL of the site in the href attribute.
Syntax: <a href=”path”> Your Link Name </a>
Links email addresses: To link an email address, we need to specify mailto at the start of an email address. We then connect this address within the href attribute within the anchor tag. anchor tag.
Syntax: <a href=”mailto:email_address”> Email Address </a>
Q29. What is the layout of HTML?
HTML layout is the way in which all elements of the document are organized. It is an integral element of the basic design and essential to the design of an attractive website. The web page should appear appealing and professional. Each website is designed with a distinct layout that displays the content in a particular way. This list of HTML elements serve as the basis for defining the various components of a website:
- <header> section: Define a header to the document or a section.
- <nav> section: A container is a way to define a space to provide navigation hyperlinks
- <section>: It defines the content of the document.
- <article>: Definition of an article that is self-contained, independent and unrestricted.
- <aside>: It is a way of defining content that is distinct from the content
- <footer>: Define a footer for an item or document.
- <details> section: define additional details
Q30. How to check errors?
HTML validators validate HTML documents against a formal HTML syntax definition and output an error list. Validation is essential to ensure correctness in unknown browsers (both those you’ve not seen yet and future ones).
HTML checkers are also very useful. These programs can check documents for specific issues, such as invalid markup or common browser bugs. Some invalid documents may be passed by the checkers, while others may fail.
Functionally, all validators are the same. While their reporting styles might differ, they will find identical errors given identical input. Different checkers have different problem-finding algorithms, so the reports they produce will be quite different. Some programs, such as the “CSE HTML Validator”, are also validators. The “CSE HTML Validator” is actually a linter/checker. These are still very useful but should not be confused for HTML validators.
It is useful to identify the common errors in your markup when checking a site for errors. These problems should be fixed immediately. Then you can go back and fix any remaining issues.
Link inspectors inspect all links on a website and report those that are not working. CSS checkers report issues with CSS style sheets.
Q31. What are the best times to use JPEG compression? And when would you rather have PNG instead?
Different image compression formats serve different purposes and use different compression methods.
- JPEG compression reduces image size by looking for areas of similar colors. The higher the compression level the more aggressively it searches for these areas. This can lead to visual information being lost and artifacts around the edges. This compression works well for photos, drawings and gradients. JPEG is not as good for screenshots and simple UI elements like flat icons or schematics. It also doesn’t work well for text.
- PNG compression reduces the number of colors used. This could result in slight changes in color shades depending on the compression level. PNG can be used for logos and icons, signs, images containing texts, simple illustrations, UI elements, and screenshots. It allows images to be transparent, unlike JPEG. PNG files are typically larger than JPEGs, and they don’t offer good compression for photos or complex, colorful images.
Q32. What is a website grid system?
The website grid organizes the pages and creates order and alignment. This is the basic structure, or skeleton, of your user interface. Website grids are used by designers to help them make design decisions and provide a great user experience.
Knowing what web design grids are and how to use them will improve our skills as website designers. This knowledge will impact every website design that we create. You can see that each web page is made up of squares and rectangles when you break down the website design process into stages. These stages will usually include prototyping and low-fidelity wireframing. The end result is that no matter what shape an element may have, they all fit within a grid.
Grids are used to divide pages vertically or horizontally using columns and rows. Grid systems are a method that allows designers to organize elements and allow them to be used to design components for multiple pages. Grids define a set of standard units of measurement that determine the dimensions, spacing, and alignment of each design element.
Use Grids in Web Design
1. Know Your Grid Anatomy
No matter how large or small the website grid, they all have the same components: columns, rows and modules.
2. Select the right grid layout
While the term grid is defined as a square-based structure by definition, there are many subtypes to grids that can be used in web design. Block Grids and Column Grids, Modular Grids, Hierarchical Grid.
3. Honor Responsive Design
When elements change dynamically when the browser/screen shrinks, you will see a responsive grid or fluid grid. Responsive grids are able to organize and align your content in a way that logically represents the information hierarchy. As the viewport shrinks, grid and tile content will scale accordingly.
4. White Space: Make Space
Grid layouts are defined by the dimensions of the columns and rows as well as the width and heights of the white space between them, also known by spacing.
5. Respect the Golden Ratio
When designing grids, many designers employ the Gold Ratio to increase the size, balance and layout. The Golden Ratio, in its essence, is a proportion equal to 1.6180. The Golden Ratio can be described as the golden rectangle. This is a rectangle that has a length of 1.6180 times its width. If width is 100px, the length would be 161.80px. This applies to images, objects, shapes, and the formation of an element or shape. Designers can use the Golden Ratio to determine how to divide horizontal space on a page, how to allocate space for each element, and so forth.
6. Respect the Rule of Three
Web designers often use the Rule of Thirds to make important layout and grid design decisions.
- Which grid should you use?
- How big should each grid element be?
- What place to put the most important elements?
- How your image ratios should look
- How much negative space can you add between and around elements?
Q33. Explain Lists in HTML.
The list element is another HTML element that can help you organize the content of your webpage. Lists are common on web pages. They can be rows of text marked with numbers, bullet points or Roman numerals. Sometimes you might not even realize that the underlying structure is an HTML table. These lists are usually based on one of two HTML elements: the ordered list or the list.
Unordered Lists: This is how an unordered element looks:
These tags <ul>, however, don’t perform any functions as they do with the rest of your content. To display content as a table, you will need two HTML elements that work together : The list element element and the item element.
<li>First item of list</li>
<li>Second item of list</li>
<li>Third item of list</li>
Your browser will not display any items for an unordered list between these tags <ul></ul>. It would instead treat them as Instructions How to display <li> elements.
You can see the elements inside. An ordered list instructs the browser to display each item in the list with a Bullet point By default. It would look something like this if you loaded that example in your browser:
- First item of list
- Second item of list
- Third item of list
Ordered Lists: This is how an ordered element looks:
An ordered list element’s structure is Basically, the same As an unallocated list:
The root is <ol> element, and there are as many <li> elements as you want.
<li>First item of list</li>
<li>Second item of list</li>
<li>Third item of list<li>
Your browser counts items in an ordered list and adds numbers to them. This is instead of bullet points. This is how it would look if you loaded this example into your browser:
- First item of list
- Second item of list
- Third item of list
Q34. Explain the difference between block level elements and inline elements.
The difference between block level and inline elements are:
- Block-Level Elements: They start with a new line and stretch to fill the full width available in the web page. They have their top and bottom margins as well.
Examples for block level elements are: <div>, <form>,<table>, <video>, <main>, <h>
- Inline Elements: These elements do not start with the new line and take up as much width as necessary to them. The width only exceeds when you define it in the tags. These elements do not have the top and bottom margins.
Examples for inline elements are: <strong>, <code>, <img>, <input>, <span>, <time>
Q35. How to allow file uploads to my own website?
These are essential for uploading via the Internet:
- An HTTP server that allows uploads
- To put the receiving script, access the /cgi/bin directory. There are prewritten CGI file-upload files.
- This is how a form looks like:
<form method=”post” enctype=”multipart/form-data” action=”fup.cgi”>
File to upload: <input type=file name-upfile><br>
Notes about the file: <input type=text name=note><br>
<input type=submit value=Press> to upload the file!
Some browsers do not support file upload via form.
File upload is supported by the Perl CGI.pm module. File upload is supported by the most recent version of the cgi.pl library. You can also use file upload with form-to email. The Perl package MIMELite supports email attachments.
Q36. Name some easy ways to optimize your website. What would be your first place to start?
There are many ways to increase the website’s performance. Developers may have specific ideas based on each project. These are some of the most common and easiest to implement optimizations:
- To save a few hundred kilobytes per page load, minimize CSS and JS.
- All assets should be compressed in the best format and in the best settings. This will ensure that there is a balance between speed gain and quality loss.
- Server side caching mechanisms such as Redis, Memcached and gzip compression can be enabled.
- Responsive images are displayed according to the device screen size and pixel density. Only load the ones that the user needs.
- Use concise HTML to write clean code.
Q37. How do you handle harsh criticisms from clients?
This question is asked in every interview. Since artists often show disapproval of their work, every employer wants to know how you handle criticism. Clients can sometimes be very opinionated but you need to work with them.
This is where you should display your communication skills. A good web designer will never hesitate to make changes to their work. Professional designers are open to constructive criticism and are able to effectively deal with it since it helps them grow.
Every employer seeks a web designer who is able to reach consensus with clients and adapt quickly to changing requirements. Your interviewer should hear about a time when you were subject to harsh criticism, but still managed to reach a compromise that made everyone happy.
Q38. What are the benefits and drawbacks of using a CSS framework like Foundation or Bootstrap? How do you include frameworks into your workflow?
- Benefits: Frameworks are fast to prototype layouts, elements, pages and encourage reusability across all projects. This eliminates the need for final deliverables like Photoshop mockups and other high-fidelity static sketches. The HTML prototypes generated by a framework, on the other hand, are later transformed into the production templates code for the new site.
The many development tools that come with the best frameworks have a number of advantages: variables for key design values, LESS/SASS preprocessors and Grunt/Gulp builder tools. Also, you can access ready-to-use JS scripts to perform commonly used interactions (modals. collapsing box. Frameworks include good practices, commonly used, well-documented code, and a large community to help you when problems arise.
- Drawbacks: While frameworks offer tons of features and eliminate the need for repetitive code writing, they can also generalize elements and lead to similar-looking designs. A caveat to this is that frameworks can be used for complex designs or layouts with more complicated grids. This means that it takes more effort to “fight” them than writing code from scratch. Frameworks can sometimes contain too much code that is never used or redundant styles that are overridden when not used properly. This causes slower loading times than if the code was written entirely from scratch.
Developers should not use the compiled CSS from the framework to properly utilize it. Instead, they should write their own overrides. The framework’s built-in tools must be used to its full potential: variables should be set, LESS/SASS mixture-ins should be utilized and unused components should be removed. A common mistake is to rely too heavily on framework markup for styling and layout. This makes it difficult to separate content from style and can lead to design changes that require editing HTML instead.
Q39. Are you familiar with UX design?
Our future is hyper-personalized experiences. Web designers play a vital role in bringing UX solutions into reality, even though it is the prerogative only of UX specialists. It is your responsibility to understand the principles of user experience and implement them in your projects. This is why you should feel comfortable talking about it.
Even if this is your first time, it’s possible to impress the interviewer with basic knowledge and tips from UX experts. If you are able to work with a UX designer, you might also mention how research findings can be incorporated into your designs. If you are familiar with UX design, share your previous experiences. You can also show real examples.
Q40. What are the differences in responsive web design between the Mobile First approach and the Desktop First approach to responsive web design? What are the strengths and challenges of each approach?
Mobile first: It is a method for creating responsive CSS code. The styles are written first for mobile devices without media queries. For each screen size step, a new media question is added that extends, modifies, and overrides the styles of the previous step.
- Advantages- It is easiest to optimize load times for smaller devices because no additional assets or styles are required (the following media queries do not get loaded). This is a great option for simple designs, where larger screen styles can be upgraded to provide a richer experience for larger screens.
- Drawbacks This technique may not be as effective when the mobile and desktop layouts have significant differences or complex layouts. The Mobile First code becomes more complicated than necessary in these cases due to too many overrides.
Desktop first: It is the traditional way to write CSS. The desktop version is either not included in media queries, or it starts with a minimum width requirement. For each screen smaller than the initial one a new media query will be added, starting from the largest and ending at the smallest. Each subsequent media query allows elements to be hidden, rearranged, or re-styled.
- Advantages- Unlike the MobileFirst approach, Desk First excels in designing designs that differ across screen sizes. For example, elements can be removed as the screen shrinks. This is the only way to make a website responsive without having to rewrite its code.
- Drawbacks – Incorrect implementation could result in unused or overridden codes and assets being loaded onto smaller devices, making the website more heavy on smartphones. This can lead to excessive overriding styles and extra code being written for simpler designs, Mobile first could be more easily implemented.
It’s better to have separate stylesheets for mobile and desktop websites.
Some Additional tips for Web Designing Interviews
- Making preparations for an interview is a requirement for a job. You must consider it as a serious matter. So, you must do your research. Alongside the most popular Web design questions and topics look for all possible dangers. Make notes of the answers and try speaking them with your peers. Keep track of what is happening in the world of web design. Keep in mind that you are the most ideal candidate they will ever meet, so act as one.
- Techstack Academy offers top web design courses for professionals and freshers and these courses are best for those who are interested in making their career in this field. We have different web designing courses to choose from: Web designing course, Masters in web designing course and post graduation in creative designing. These courses are of different duration and have different internship periods. You can choose any according to your best interests.
- It is said that you only have seven seconds to make your first impression. In the case of interviews for jobs in web design companies and organizations which are awash with competition you only have one chance to stand out. It’s a fact that for website design agencies, you’re given only one chance. All must be flawless from beginning to conclusion.
- If you want to make an impact when you go to an interview for web design You must be ready. You need to look good and exude confidence. And most importantly, be aware of the best possible answers to the web design interview questions.
- So, if you want to make it through the door of a web design company it is essential to be a bit grumpy prior to. We have provided some direction and the best techniques and tips in the above article. Practice with our article to give confident answers during interviews. We wish you all the best for the future.